Child Safety

Algoma Public Health

Child Safety

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Many people are surprised to learn that preventable injuries kill more Canadian children each year than any other disease. The good news is that we can take a few small steps to avoid these injuries and protect our children. Remember everyone has a role to play in keeping a child safe.


Car Seats

Car Seats



  • 4/5 children are not correctly buckled into their seats
  • Misuse rates range from 44% to 81% for car seats, and 30% to 50% for booster seats


Canadian Pediatric Society, 2008


Car Time Stages

Car Time Stages



The Law:

Car seats and booster seats must be purchased in Canada and show the National Safety Mark for use in Canada. It is illegal to use a car seat or booster seat purchased from another country (e.g., the U.S.) Look for this symbol to know it has been approved for use in Canada:

National Safety Mark


Child Definitions Stage Legal Requirements in Ontario


birth until 9 kg (20 lbs)

Rear-facing Must be in a rear-facing car seat harnessed and installed in the vehicle according to the manufacturer's instructions.


9 kg (20 lbs) until 18 kg (40 lbs)

Forward-facing Must be in an appropriate car seat (rear or forward-facing) harnessed and installed in the vehicle according to the manufacturer's instruction. [forward-facing car seats must have a top tether strap secured in addition to the seat belt or universal anchorage system]


18 kg (40 lbs) until 8 years old, 4ft .9 inches, or 36 kg (80 lbs)

Booster seats Must ride in an appropriate forward facing car seat or booster seat harnessed and installed according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Note: The law is always the minimum requirement.


How do I install Rear Facing, Forward-Facing, or Booster Seat?

Visit Keep Kids Safe for more information and videos.


Adapted from: Transport Canada

Shaken Baby
Home Safety


Date of Creation: June 1, 2015

Last Modified: June 1, 2015