Algoma Public Health


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What is it?

  • A highly contagious respiratory infection.
  • Caused by a virus (changes into different strains each year)
  • Occurs most often in the winter months.
  • Most serious in the elderly, in people with chronic illnesses, and in those with weak immune systems.
  • They may develop pneumonia.

 What are the symptoms?

  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Cough (severe and lingers)
  • Headaches
  • Muscle aches/pains
  • Extreme weakness

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Contact Us!


Sault Ste. Marie: 705-942-4646

Blind River: 705-356-2551

Elliot Lake: 705-848-2314

Wawa: 705-856-7208


  How quickly do symptoms develop?

  • Usually within 1-3 days

 How is it spread?

  • Through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of an infected person; e.g. coughing/sneezing.
  • Through contact with contaminated surfaces; e.g. hands, tissues.

 How long is it contagious?

  • 3-5 days from start of symptoms in adults.
  • Up to 7 days in young children.  During this time your child should not attend school or daycare.

 How is it treated?

  • Bed rest.
  • Drink lots of fluids.
  • Call your doctor if symptoms do not improve.
  • When influenza type A occurs, a prescription drug may be ordered for certain individuals.
  • Do not give children aspirin as it increases the risk of Reye Syndrome.

 What can you do?

  • Wash hands frequently.
  • Discard tissues in garbage.
  • Cover your mouth when coughing and sneezing.
  • Avoid crowds in enclosed spaces.


Get a flu shot each year; this is the BEST PROTECTION against influenza.


Date of Creation: June 1, 2015

Last Modified: June 1, 2015