Algoma Public Health


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What is it?

  • A viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Commonly seen in older children and adults.
  • Difficult to recognize in young children.

 What are the symptoms?

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen glands (neck)
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Jaundice (yellow skin/eyes) in 4% of young adults.

 How quickly do symptoms develop?

  • 4 – 6 weeks after contact with an infected person.

How is it spread?

  • Through direct contact with mouth and/or nose secretions of an infected person; e.g. saliva on hands and kissing.
  • Indirect contact with contaminated objects e.g. toys, sharing water bottles, cigarettes
  • Rarely through blood transfusions.

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Contact Us!


Sault Ste. Marie: 705-942-4646

Blind River: 705-356-2551

Elliot Lake: 705-848-2314

Wawa: 705-856-7208









How long is it contagious?

  • Up to a year or more, even though symptoms subside.
  • Student may return to school upon recommendations from physician.

 How is it treated?

  • No treatment other than rest is needed in most cases.

 What can you do?

  • Cover your mouth when coughing.
  • Discard tissues soiled with nose and throat discharges into the garbage.
  • Wash hands carefully to help prevent the spread.
  • Avoid activities involving the transfer of saliva; e.g. sharing water bottles or cigarettes,  or
  • by kissing someone who is infected.
  • Avoid sharing water bottles or cups .

For further information contact the Communicable Disease Control Program at 705-942-4646 or toll free at 1-866-892-0172


Date of Creation: June 1, 2015

Last Modified: Feb 25, 2016