Diabetes Prevention

Algoma Public Health

Diabetes Prevention

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Diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in Canada. According to Diabetes Canada, there are 11 million Canadians living with diabetes or pre-diabetes, and another Canadian is diagnosed every 3 minutes. The good news is that there are many healthy lifestyle choices you can make to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  

What is Diabetes?


Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body’s ability to make or use insulin.  Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of sugar (glucose) in your blood.  Without insulin, the body is not able to use sugar for energy.  Diabetes leads to high blood sugar levels, which can damage organs, blood vessels and nerves. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

Type 1

When the body produces  no or very little insulin. It typically develops in childhood or adolescence and is NOT preventable

Type 2

When the body cannot properly use insulin or when it does not make enough. It typically develops in adulthood, however more children are being diagnosed. This type is preventable with about 90% of people with diabetes having this type. 




Reduce Your Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes 



The amount of sleep we get affects our hormone and energy levels. Not getting enough sleep can impact weight by making it harder for our body to regulate our appetite and burn off the calories we eat. Being tired can make it hard to be physically active during the day. Alternatively, being physically active during the day can help us sleep better.


  • Adults should aim for 7-9 hours of sleep a night.

  • Maintain consistent bed times and rise at the same time each morning.

  • Make sure you have a comfortable bed.

  • Limit distractions like lights, TV’s and screens.

  • Avoid having a large meal and/or alcohol before bed.

  • Avoid caffeine 6 hours before bedtime.

  • Be active during the day, but avoid vigorous activity 3-4 hours before bedtime.

Being Active
Eat Well
Setting Goals
Live Smoke-Free